I think this is an unfortunate limitation of the system but am not 100% sure. It appears impossible to create a view that filters out specific subcategories, because in order to get to subcategories you have to filter on category first. The only way I can think of to accomplish this is to change the view to specifically include all categories AND all subcategories and leave out the subcategories I don't want. That feels a bit obtuse and will lead to things being missed in the future if categories change. The one other possible solution I can think of would be to create a new top level category.
Our use case: we are managing vulnerability response via Incidents because Problems don't have due dates or SLAs. Thus on a quarterly basis we have a multitude of Incidents that aren't really incidents, and clog up the default Incident views. These particular Incidents are in categories like Security -> Software Patch and Security -> Security Config Update. Other security Incidents should show up in the default views, because they are Incidents, such as Security -> Malware. So what I'd like to do is change the default views to show everything *except* Security->Software Patch and Security->Config Update. However, this doesn't appear possible due to what I described above.
Thanks for any suggestions!