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Geek Speak Blogs

Level 13

I really liked this piece by my SolarWinds associate Brandon Shopp, discussing how hardware health fits into your monitoring strategy and helps complete the picture of what’s happening in your infrastructure.

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Level 13

Here’s an interesting article by my colleague Brandon Shopp looking at how tomorrow’s interconnected battlefield is critical yet presents challenges, including battlefield connectivity, and security and personnel technical skills.

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Level 13

Here’s an interesting article by my colleague Brandon Shopp looking at how network telemetry can be used to collect and analyze data from different sources to improve decision making.

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Level 13

I really liked this piece by my SolarWinds associate Brandon Shopp, discussing the Digital Air Force Initiative and how monitoring, traffic prioritization, and automation can help.

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Product Manager
Product Manager

Wide area network (WAN) technologies have come a long way since the early 2000s. Cisco and VMWare have reshaped the industry and are ushering in an era of “software-defined” WAN (SD-WAN). Find out why we’re so interested that it’s the top roadmap item for several of our products.

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Level 13

In the first article of a two-part series, my colleague Head Geek™ Sascha Giese shares five proactive security methods public sector organizations should adopt to protect themselves against cybercriminals.

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Level 13

I really liked this piece by SolarWinds Head Geek Sascha Giese discussing how can the public sector foster a balanced, efficient, and productive remote working culture.

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Level 13

I really liked this piece by SolarWinds Head Geek Sascha Giese discussing the increased demand on public sector IT systems and how infrastructure monitoring can be the answer.

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Level 13

Here’s an interesting article by my colleague SolarWinds VP of Product Strategy Craig McDonald reviewing ideas on how to keep your focus on IT modernization and how compliance, automation, and making steady progress can keep you heading towards your modernization objectives.

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Level 13

Here’s an interesting article by my colleague Head Geek Sascha Giese discussing how organizations can support the ever-increasing mobile workforce in the public sector.

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Level 13

I really liked this piece by SolarWinds VP of Product Strategy Craig McDonald. It reviews different monitoring strategies to support various cloud deployment methods and advice using an application centric approach.

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Level 13

This piece by SolarWinds VP of Product Strategy Brandon Shopp discusses details about audit logs and how they help with troubleshooting, identifying, and remediating network vulnerabilities.

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Level 13

I really liked this piece by SolarWinds VP of Product Strategy Brandon Shopp reviewing how the esports revolution is impacting schools and how bandwidth monitoring, network segmentation, and security considerations can be managed for improved performance.

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Level 13

Here’s an interesting article by my colleague Brandon Shopp discussing strategies for securing the tactical edge with suggestions such as network segmentation, working with device vendors for device data, and end user education.

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The latest release of the Orion® platform now scales to 1,000,000 elements, loads pages quicker, and adds faster and remote upgrades via the web UI. But have you ever wondered how many releases and feature additions there have been since version 10.5? Is there something you might have missed in a README? What's the difference between the Orion platform and Network Performance Monitor (NPM)? Head Geek Patrick Hubbard pulls up a chair for SolarWinds story time and an info graphic.

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Level 13

Here’s an interesting article by my colleague Brandon Shopp discussing details about improving endpoint security to protect school networks and data.

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Level 13

Here’s an interesting article by my colleague Mav Turner with specific suggestions on improving security for the internet of things. Containment and visibility are key, and so is taking action when needed.

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Level 13

Here’s an interesting article by my colleague Mav Turner, who offers suggestions for scaling monitoring to support large complex networks.

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Level 13

Here’s an interesting article by my colleague Mav Turner about the increasing use of automation, and the benefits and changing skills needed to be successful.

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Level 17

This edition of the Actuator comes to you from my kitchen, where I'm enjoying some time at home before I hit the road. I'll be at RSA next week, then Darmstadt, Germany the following week. And then I head to Seattle for the Microsoft MVP Summit. This is all my way of saying future editions of the Actuator may be delayed. I'll do my best, but I hope you understand.

As always, here's a bunch of links I hope you will find useful. Enjoy!

It doesn’t matter if China hacked Equifax

No, it doesn't, because the evidence suggests China was but one of many entities that helped themselves to the data Equifax was negligent in guarding.

Data centers generate the same amount of carbon emissions as global airlines

Machine learning, and bitcoin mining, are large users of power in any data center. This is why Microsoft has announced they'll look to be carbon neutral as soon as possible.

Delta hopes to be the first carbon neutral airline

On the heels of Microsoft's announcement, seeing this from Delta gives me hope many other companies will take action, and not issue press releases only.

Apple’s Mac computers now outpace Windows in malware and virus

Nothing is secure. Stay safe out there.

Over 500 Chrome Extensions Secretly Uploaded Private Data

Everything is terrible.

Judge temporarily halts work on JEDI contract until court can hear AWS protest

This is going to get ugly to watch. You stay right there, I'll go grab the popcorn.

How to Add “Move to” or “Copy to” to Windows 10’s Context Menu

I didn't know I needed this until now, and now I'm left wondering how I've lived so long without this in my life.

Our new Sunday morning ritual is walking through Forest Park. Each week we seem to find something new to enjoy.

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Level 13

Omar Rafik, SolarWinds Senior Manager, Federal Sales Engineering

Here’s an interesting article by Brandon Shopp about DoD’s not-so-secret weapon against cyberthreats. DISA has created technical guidelines that evolve to help keep ahead of threats, and this blog helps demystify DISA STIGs.

The Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA) has a set of security regulations to provide a baseline standard for Department of Defense (DoD) networks, systems, and applications. DISA enforces hundreds of pages of detailed rules IT pros must follow to properly secure or “harden” the government computer infrastructure and systems.

If you’re responsible for a DoD network, these STIGs (Security Technical Implementation Guides) help guide your network management, configuration, and monitoring strategies across access control, operating systems, applications, network devices, and even physical security. DISA releases new STIGs at least once every quarter. This aggressive release schedule is designed to catch as many recently patched vulnerabilities as possible and ensure a secure baseline for the component in operation.

How can a federal IT pro get compliant when so many requirements must be met on a regular basis? The answer is automation.

First, let’s revisit STIG basics. The DoD developed STIGs, or hardening guidelines, for the most common components comprising agency systems. As of this writing, there are nearly 600 STIGs, each of which may comprise hundreds of security checks specific to the component being hardened.

A second challenge, in addition to the cost of meeting STIG requirements, is the number of requirements needing to be met. Agency systems may be made up of many components, each requiring STIG compliance. Remember, there are nearly 600 different versions of STIGs, some unique to a component, some targeting specific release versions of the component.

Wouldn’t it be great if automation could step in and solve the cost challenge while saving time by building repeatable processes? That’s precisely what automation does.

  • Automated tools for Windows servers let you test STIG compliance on a single instance, test all changes until approved, then push out those changes to other Windows servers via Group Policy Object (GPO) automation. Automated tools for Linux permit a similar outcome: test all changes due to STIG compliance and then push all approved changes as a tested, secure baseline out to other servers
  • Automated network monitoring tools digest system logs in real time, create alerts based on predefined rules, and help meet STIG requirements for Continuous Monitoring (CM) security controls while providing the defense team with actionable response guidance
  • Automated device configuration tools can continuously monitor device configurations for setting changes across geographically dispersed networks, enforcing compliance with security policies, and making configuration backups useful in system restoration efforts after an outage
  • Automation also addresses readability. STIGs are released in XML format—not the most human-readable form for delivering data. Some newer automated STIG compliance tools generate easy-to-read compliance reports useful for both security management and technical support teams

If you’re a federal IT pro within a DoD agency, you have an increasing number of requirements to satisfy. Let automation take some of the heavy lifting when it comes to compliance, so you and your team can focus on more pressing tasks.

Find the full article on Government Technology Insider.

The SolarWinds trademarks, service marks, and logos are the exclusive property of SolarWinds Worldwide, LLC or its affiliates. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

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Some folks find a profession early in their life and that’s what they do until they’re old and gray and ready to retire. Other folks find themselves switching careers mid-way. Me? I’m on the third career in my working life. I know a thing or two about learning something new. Why do I bring this up? Because if you’re in the IT industry, chances are you’ll spend a big chunk of your professional life learning something new. There’s also a good chance you’ll have to sit for an exam or two to prove you’ve learned something new. And for some, that prospect overwhelms. If that’s you, keep reading! In this two-part series, I’m going to share my thoughts, tips, and tools for picking up a new skill.

Be the Captain of Your Own Ship

Sometimes you get told you need to have XYZ certification to qualify for the next pay raise. Sometimes the idea comes from your own self-motivation. Either way, the first step to successful completion is for you to make the commitment to the journey. Even if the idea isn’t your own, your personal commitment to the journey will be critical to its success. We’ve all seen what happens when there isn’t personal commitment. Someone gets assigned something they have no interest or desire. Whatever the task, it usually gets done half-heartedly and the results are terrible. You don’t want to be terrible. You want that cert. Make the commitment. It doesn’t have to be flashy or public, but it does have to authentic to you.

Make a New Plan, Stan...

Once you’ve made the decision to go after your goal, it’s time to make your plan. After all, no captain sets sail without first plotting a course. For certification-chasers, there is usually a blueprint out there with what the certification exam will cover. That’s a good place to start.

Charting your course should include things like:

  • A concrete, measurable goal.

  • A realistic timeline.

  • The steps to get from today to success[i].

Think about what hazards might impede your progress. After all, you don’t want to plot your course right through a reef. Things like:

  • How much time you can realistically devote to studying?

  • What stressors might affect your ability to stay on track?

  • Will your own starting point knowledge-wise make the journey longer or shorter?

Make Like a Penguin

If you’re a Madagascar[ii] fan, you know the penguin credo is “Never swim alone.” It’s great advice for penguins and for IT knowledge-seekers. Making your journey alone is like filling your bag with rocks before you start. It just makes life harder.

There are a ton of great online and real-life IT communities out there. Find one that works for you and get engaged. If your journey is at all like mine, at first you might just be asking questions. I know I asked a zillion questions in the beginning. These days I end up answering more questions than I ask, but I find answering others’ questions helps me solidify the strength of my knowledge. Another community is a formal study group. They help by providing structure, feedback on your progress, and motivation.

  Lastly, don’t forget about your friends and family. They might not know the subject matter, but they can make your road smoother by freeing up your time or giving you valuable moral support. Make sure they swim, too. This article has been a little high-level design for a successful certification journey. Stay tuned for the next installment. We’ll go low-level with some tips for getting to success one day at a time. Until then remember to keep doing it... just for fun!


[i] https://www.forbes.com/sites/biancamillercole/2019/02/07/how-to-create-and-reach-your-goals-in-4-ste...

[ii] https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0484439/characters/nm0569891

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Level 17

This week's Actuator comes to you from Austin, as I'm in town to host SolarWinds Lab live. We'll be talking about Database Performance Monitor (nee VividCortex). I hope you find time to watch and bring questions!

As always, here's a bunch of links I hope you find useful. Enjoy!

First clinical trial of gene editing to help target cancer

Being close to the biotech industry in and around Boston, I heard rumors of these treatments two years ago. I'm hopeful our doctors can get this done, and soon.

What Happened With DNC Tech

Twitter thread about the tech failure in Iowa last week.

Analysis of compensation, level, and experience details of 19K tech workers

Wonderful data analysis on salary information. Start at the bottom with the conclusions, then decide for yourself if you want to dive into the details above.

Things I Believe About Software Engineering

There's some deep thoughts in this brief post. Take time to reflect on them.

Smart Streetlights Are Experiencing Mission Creep

Nice reminder that surveillance is happening all around us, in ways you may never know.

11 Reasons Not to Become Famous (or “A Few Lessons Learned Since 2007”)

A bit long, but worth the time. I've never been a fan of Tim or his book, but this post struck a chord.

Berlin artist uses 99 phones to trick Google into traffic jam alert

Is it wrong that I want to try this now?

I think I understand why they never tell me anything around here...

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Level 13

Omar Rafik, SolarWinds Senior Manager, Federal Sales Engineering

Here’s an interesting article by my colleague Mav Turner with ideas about how the government could monitor and automate their hyperconverged infrastructure to help achieve their modernization objectives.

It’s no surprise hyperconverged infrastructure (HCI) has been embraced by a growing number of government IT managers, since HCI merges storage, compute, and networking into a much smaller and more manageable footprint.

As with any new technology, however, HCI’s wide adoption can be slowed by skeptics, such as IT administrators concerned with interoperability and implementation costs. However, HCI doesn’t mean starting from scratch. Indeed, migration is best achieved gradually, with agencies buying only what they need, when they need it, as part of a long-term IT modernization plan.

Let’s take a closer look at the benefits HCI provides to government agencies, then examine key considerations when it comes to implementing the technology—namely, the importance of automation and infrastructure monitoring.

Combining the Best of Physical and Virtual Worlds

Enthusiasts like HCI giving them the performance, reliability, and availability of an on-premises data center along with the ability to scale IT in the cloud. This flexibility allows them to easily incorporate new technologies and architectures into the infrastructure. HCI also consolidates previously disparate compute, networking, and storage functions into a single, compact data center.

Extracting Value Through Monitoring and Automation

Agencies are familiar with monitoring storage, network, and compute as separate entities; when these functions are combined with HCI, network monitoring is still required. Indeed, having complete IT visibility becomes more important as infrastructure converges.

Combining different services into one is a highly complex task fraught with risk. Things change rapidly, and errors can easily occur. Managers need clear insight into what’s going on with their systems.

After the initial deployment is complete monitoring should continue unabated. It’s vital for IT managers to understand the impact apps, services, and integrated components have on each other and the legacy infrastructure around them.

Additionally, all these processes should be fully automated. Autonomous workload acceleration is a core HCI benefit. Automation binds HCI components together, making them easier to manage and maintain—which in turn yields a more efficient data center. If agencies don’t spend time automating the monitoring of their HCI, they’ll run the risk of allocating resources or building out capacity they don’t need and may expose organizational data to additional security threats.

Investing in the Right Technical Skills

HCI requires a unique skillset. It’s important they invest in technical staff with practical HCI experience and the knowledge to effectively implement infrastructure monitoring and automation capabilities. These experts will be critical in helping agencies take advantage of the vast potential this technology has to offer.

Reaping the Rewards of HCI

Incorporating infrastructure monitoring and automation into HCI implementation plans will enable agencies to reap the full rewards: lower total cost of IT ownership thanks to simplified data center architecture, consistent and predictable performance, faster application delivery, improved agility, IT service levels accurately matched to capacity requirements, and more.

There’s a lot of return for simply applying the same level of care and attention to monitoring HCI as traditional infrastructure.

Find the full article on Government Computer News.

The SolarWinds trademarks, service marks, and logos are the exclusive property of SolarWinds Worldwide, LLC or its affiliates. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

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Level 17

This week's Actuator comes to you from New England where it has been 367 days since our team last appeared in a Super Bowl. I'm still not ready to talk about it, though.

As always, here's a bunch of links I hope you find interesting. Enjoy!

97% of airports showing signs of weak cybersecurity

I would have put the number closer to 99%.

Skimming heist that hit convenience chain may have compromised 30 million cards

Looks like airports aren't the only industry with security issues.

It’s 2020 and we still have a data privacy problem

SPOILER ALERT: We will always have a data privacy problem.

Don’t be fooled: Blockchains are not miracle security solutions

No, you don't need a blockchain.

Google’s tenth messaging service will “unify” Gmail, Drive, Hangouts Chat

Tenth time is the charm, right? I'm certain this one will be the killer messaging app they have been looking for. And there's no way once it gets popular they'll kill it, either.

A Vermont bill would bring emoji license plates to the US

Just like candy corn, here's something else no one wants.

For the game this year I made some pork belly bites in a garlic honey soy sauce.

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Level 13

Omar Rafik, SolarWinds Senior Manager, Federal Sales Engineering

Here’s an interesting article by my colleague Jim Hansen reviewing data from our cybersecurity survey, including details on how agencies are combatting threats.

According to a 2019 Federal Cybersecurity Survey released last year by IT management software company SolarWinds, careless and malicious insiders topped the list of security threats for federal agencies. Yet, despite the increased threats, federal IT security pros believe they’re making progress managing risk.

Why the positive attitude despite the increasing challenge? While threats may be on the rise, strategies to combat these threats—such as government mandates, security tools, and best practices—are seeing vast improvements.

Greater Threat, Greater Solutions

According to the Cybersecurity Survey, 56% of respondents said the greatest source of security threats to federal agencies is careless and/or untrained agency insiders; 36% cited malicious insiders as the greatest source of security threats.

Most respondents cited numerous reasons why these types of threats have improved or remained in control, from policy and process improvements to better cyberhygiene and advancing security tools.

•Policy and process improvements: 58% of respondents cited “improved strategy and processes to apply security best practices” as the primary reason careless insider threats have improved.

•Basic security hygiene: 47% of respondents cited “end-user security awareness training” as the primary reason careless insider threats have improved.

•Advanced security tools: 42% of respondents cited “intrusion detection and prevention tools” as the primary reason careless insider threats have improved.

“NIST Framework for Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity” topped the list of the most critical regulations and mandates, with FISMA (Federal Information Security Management Act) and DISA STIGs (Security Technical Implementation Guides) following close behind, at 60%, 55%, and 52% of respondents, respectively, citing these as the primary contributing factor in managing agency risks.

There’s also no question the tools and technologies to help reduce risk are advancing quickly; this was evidenced by the number of tools federal IT security pros rely on to ensure a stronger security posture within their agencies. The following are the tools cited, and the percentage of respondents saying these are their most important technologies in their proverbial tool chest:

•Intrusion detection and prevention tools 42%

•Endpoint and mobile security 34%

•Web application firewalls 34%

•Fire and disk encryption 34%

•Network traffic encryption 34%

•Web security or web content filtering gateways 33%

•Internal threat detection/intelligence 30%

Training was deemed the most important factor in reducing agency risk, particularly when it comes to reducing risks associated with contractors or temporary workers:

•53% cited “ongoing security training” as the most important factor

•49% cited “training on security policies when onboarding” as the most important factor

•44% cited “educate regular employees on the need to protect sensitive data” as the most important factor

Conclusion

Any federal IT security pro will tell you although things are improving, there’s no one answer or one solution. The most effective way to reduce risk is a combination of tactics, from implementing ever-improving technologies to meeting federal mandates to ensuring all staffers are trained in security best practices.

Find the full article on our partner DLT’s blog Technically Speaking.

The SolarWinds trademarks, service marks, and logos are the exclusive property of SolarWinds Worldwide, LLC or its affiliates. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

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Level 17

This week's Actuator comes to you from the suddenly mild January here in the Northeast. I'm taking advantage of the warm and dry days up here, spending time walking outdoors. Being outdoors is far better than the treadmill at the gym.

As always, here's a bunch of links from the internet I hope you will find useful. Enjoy!

Jeff Bezos hack: Amazon boss's phone 'hacked by Saudi crown prince'

I don't know where to begin. Maybe we can start with the idea that Bezos uses WhatsApp, an app known to be unsecured and owned by the unsecured Facebook. I'm starting to think he built a trillion-dollar company by accident, not because he's smart.

New Ransomware Process Leverages Native Windows Features

This is notable, but not new. Ransomware often uses resources available on the machine to do damage. For example, VB macros embedded in spreadsheets. I don't blame Microsoft for saying they won't provide security service for this, but it would be nice if they could hint at finding ways to identify and halt malicious activity.

London facial recognition: Metropolitan police announces new deployment of cameras

Last week the EU was talking about a five-year ban on facial recognition technology. Naturally, the U.K. decides to double down on their use of that same tech. I can't help but draw the conclusion this shows the deep divide between the U.K. and the EU.

Security Is an Availability Problem

I'm not certain, but I suspect many business decision-makers tend to think "that can't happen to us," and thus fail to plan for the day when it does happen to them.

Apple's dedication to 'a diversity of dongles' is polluting the planet

Words will never express my frustration with Apple for the "innovation" of removing a headphone jack and forcing me to buy additional hardware to continue to use my existing accessories.

Webex flaw allowed anyone to join private online meetings - no password required

The last thing I'm doing during the day is trying to join *more* meetings.

Play Dungeons & Deadlines

You might want to set aside some time for this one.

Walking through Forest Park this past Sunday, after a rainstorm the day before and the temperature so perfect to catch the steam coming off the trees.

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Level 13

Omar Rafik, SolarWinds Senior Manager, Federal Sales Engineering

Here’s an interesting article by Jim Hansen about using patching, credential management, and continuous monitoring to improve security of IoT devices.

Security concerns over the Internet of Things (IoT) are growing, and federal and state lawmakers are taking action. First, the U.S. Senate introduced the Internet of Things Cybersecurity Improvement Act of 2017, which sought to “establish minimum security requirements for federal procurements of connected devices.” More recently, legislators in the state of California introduced Senate Bill No. 327, which stipulated manufacturers of IoT devices include “a reasonable security feature” within their products.

While these laws are good starting points, they don’t go far enough in addressing IoT security concerns.

IoT Devices: A Hacker’s Best Friend?

Connected devices all have the potential to connect to the internet and local networks and, for the most part, were designed for convenience and speed—not security. And since they’re connected to the network, they offer a backdoor through which other solutions can be easily compromised.

As such, IoT devices offer tantalizing targets for hackers. A single exploit from one connected device can lead to a larger, more damaging breach. Remember the Target hack from a few years ago? Malicious attackers gained a foothold into the retail giant’s infrastructure by stealing credentials from a heating and air condition company whose units were connected to Target’s network. It’s easy to imagine something as insidious—and even more damaging to national security—taking place within the Department of Defense or other agencies, which has been an early adopter of connected devices.

Steps for Securing IoT Devices

When security managers initiate IoT security measures, they’re not only protecting their devices, they’re safeguarding everything connected to those devices. Therefore, it’s important to go beyond the government’s baseline security recommendations and embrace more robust measures. Here are some proactive steps government IT managers can take to lock down their devices and networks.

  • Make patching and updating a part of the daily routine. IoT devices should be subject to a regular cadence of patches and updates to help ensure the protection of those devices against new and evolving vulnerabilities. This is essential to the long-term security of connected devices.

The Internet of Things Cybersecurity Improvement Act of 2017 specifically requires vendors to make their IoT devices patchable, but it’s easy for managers to go out and download what appears to be a legitimate update—only to find it’s full of malware. It’s important to be vigilant and verify security packages before applying them to their devices. After updates are applied, managers should take precautions to ensure those updates are genuine.

  • Apply basic credential management to interaction with IoT devices. Managers must think differently when it comes to IoT device user authentication and credential management. They should ask, “How does someone interact with this device?” “What do we have to do to ensure only the right people, with the right authorization, are able to access the device?” “What measures do we need to take to verify this access and understand what users are doing once they begin using the device?”

Being able to monitor user sessions is key. IoT devices may not have the same capabilities as modern information systems, such as the ability to maintain or view log trails or delete a log after someone stops using the device. Managers may need to proactively ensure their IoT devices have these capabilities.

  • Employ continuous threat monitoring to protect against attacks. There are several common threat vectors hackers can use to tap into IoT devices. SQL injection and cross-site scripting are favorite weapons malicious actors use to target web-based applications and could be used to compromise connected devices.

Managers should employ IoT device threat monitoring to help protect against these and other types of intrusions. Continuous threat monitoring can be used to alert, report, and automatically address any potentially harmful anomalies. It can monitor traffic passing to and from a device to detect whether the device is communicating with a known bad entity. A device in communication with a command and control system outside of the agency’s infrastructure is a certain red flag that the device—and the network it’s connected to—may have been compromised.

The IoT is here to stay, and it’s important for federal IT managers to proactively tackle the security challenges it poses. Bills passed by federal and state legislators are a start, but they’re not enough to protect government networks against devices that weren’t designed with security top-of-mind. IoT security is something agencies need to take into their own hands. Managers must understand the risks and put processes, strategies, and tools in place to proactively mitigate threats caused by the IoT.

Find the full article on Fifth Domain.

The SolarWinds trademarks, service marks, and logos are the exclusive property of SolarWinds Worldwide, LLC or its affiliates. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

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Level 17

Back from Austin and home for a few weeks before I head...back to Austin for a live episode of SolarWinds Lab. Last week was the annual Head Geeks Summit, and it was good to be sequestered for a few days with just our team as we map out our plans for world domination in 2020 (or 2021, whatever it takes).

As always, here's a bunch of stuff I found on the internetz this week that I think you might enjoy. Cheers!

Critical Windows 10 vulnerability used to Rickroll the NSA and Github

Patch your stuff, folks. Don't wait, get it done.

WeLeakInfo, the site which sold access to passwords stolen in data breaches, is brought down by the ...

In case you were wondering, the website was allowed to exist for three years before it was finally shut down. No idea what took so long, but I tip my hat to the owners. They didn't steal anything, they just took available data and made it easy to consume. Still, they must have known they were in murky legal waters.

Facial recognition: EU considers ban of up to five years

I can't say if that's the right amount of time; I'd prefer they ban it outright for now. This isn't just a matter of the tech being reliable, it brings about questions regarding basic privacy versus a surveillance state.

Biden wants Sec. 230 gone, calls tech “totally irresponsible,” “little creeps”

Politics aside, I agree with the idea that a website publisher should bear some burden regarding the content allowed. Similar to how I feel developers should be held accountable for deploying software that's not secure, or leaving S3 buckets wide open. Until individuals understand the risks, we will continue to have a mess of things on our hands.

Microsoft pledges to be 'carbon negative' by 2030

This is a lofty goal, and I applaud the effort here by Microsoft to erase their entire carbon footprint since they were founded in 1975. It will be interesting to see if any other companies try to follow, but I suspect some (*cough* Apple) won't even bother.

Google’s Sundar Pichai doesn’t want you to be clear-eyed about AI’s dangers

In today's edition of "do as I say, not as I do", Google reminds us that their new motto is "Only slightly evil."

Technical Debt Is like a Tetris Game

I like this analogy, and thought you might like it as well. Let me know if it helps you.

If you are ever in Kansas City, run, don't walk, to Jack Stack and order the beef rib appetizer. You're welcome.

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Level 13

Omar Rafik, SolarWinds Senior Manager, Federal Sales Engineering

Here’s an interesting article by my colleague Brandon Shopp with ideas for improving security at the DoD by finding vulnerabilities and continuously monitoring agency infrastructure.

An early 2019 report from the Defense Department Officer of Inspector General revealed how difficult it’s been for federal agencies to stem the tide of cybersecurity threats. Although the DoD has made significant progress toward bolstering its security posture, 266 cybersecurity vulnerabilities still existed. Most vulnerabilities have only been discovered within the past year—a sure sign of rising risk levels.

The report cited several areas for improvement, including continuous monitoring and detection processes, security training, and more. Here are three strategies DOD can use to tackle those remaining 200-plus vulnerabilities.

1. Identify Existing Threats and Vulnerabilities

Identifying and addressing vulnerabilities will become more difficult as the number of devices and cloud-based applications on defense networks proliferates. Although government IT managers have gotten a handle on bring-your-own-device issues, undetected devices are still used on DoD networks.

Scanning for applications and devices outside the control of IT is the first step toward plugging potential security holes. Apps like Dropbox and Google Drive may be great for productivity, but they could also expose the agency to risk if they’re not security hardened.

The next step is to scan for hard-to-find vulnerabilities. The OIG report called out the need to improve “information protection processes and procedures.” Most vulnerabilities occur when configuration changes aren’t properly managed. Automatically scanning for configuration changes and regularly testing for vulnerabilities can help ensure employees follow the proper protocols and increase the department’s security posture.

2. Implement Continuous Monitoring, Both On-Premises and in the Cloud

While the OIG report specifically stated the DoD must continue to proactively monitor its networks, those networks are becoming increasingly dispersed. It’s no longer only about keeping an eye on in-house applications; it’s equally as important to be able to spot potential vulnerabilities in the cloud.

DoD IT managers should go beyond traditional network monitoring and look more deeply into the cloud services they use. The ability to see the entire network, including destinations in the cloud, is critically important, especially as the DoD becomes more reliant on hosted service providers.

3. Establish Ongoing User Training and Education Programs

A well-trained user can be the best protection against vulnerabilities, making it important for the DoD to implement a regular training cadence for its employees.

Training shouldn’t be relegated to the IT team alone. A recent study indicates insider threats pose some of the greatest risk to government networks. As such, all employees should be trained on the agency’s policies and procedures and encouraged to follow best practices to mitigate potential threats. The National Institute of Standards and Technology provides an excellent guide on how to implement an effective security training program.

When it comes to cybersecurity, the DoD has made a great deal of progress, but there’s still room for improvement. By implementing these three best practices, the DoD can build off what it’s already accomplished and focus on improvements.

Find the full article on Government Computer News.

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